Scriptures & Ancient History


God: there is no god but Him, the Ever Living, the Ever Watchful. Neither slumber not sleep overtakes Him. All that is in the heavens and in the earth belongs to Him. Who is there that can intercede with Him except by His leave? He knows what is before them and what is behind them, but they do not comprehend any of His knowledge except what he wills. His throne extends over the heavens and the earth; it does not weary Him to preserve them both. He is the Most High, the Tremendous.
[Verse of the Throne - Ayat Al-Kursi, from Quran Chapter 2 Verse 255.]

  • Bible & Quran

    Both the Bible and the Quran are well connected scriptures revealed in different time periods where the Bible was revealed before the Quran. The role of God is integral to both the Bible and the Quran. In these scriptures, God is behind the various historical events and He is the all powerful "One". These scriptures contain verses that combine historical information along with the word of God. In comparison to the Quran, the Bible contains a lot more historical data. The Bible is composed of several loosely connected books (sixty-six) and this arrangement allows the reader to explore ancient history and scripture in a relatively independent manner. On the other hand, the Quran contains its entire powerful message within just one book of 114 chapters.

  • Explore the BIBLE and the QURAN here.

  • More about the Scriptures
  • The four Holy Books in Order of Revelation
    • Taurat (Torah) was revealed to prophet Musa (Moses).
    • Zabur was revealed to prophet Dawud (David).
    • Injeel (Gospel) was revealed to prophet Isa (Jesus).
    • Quran was revealed to prophet Muhammad
  • The Torah is composed of the first five books of Moses – (i) Genesis, (ii) Exodus, (iii) Leviticus, (iv) Numbers, and (v) Deuteronomy. These five books are included in the old Testament part of the Bible.

  • Zabur (of David) - Holy Book of the Sabeans

    Zabur (Arabic: زبور‎‎) is, according to Islam, the holy book of Dawud (David), one of the holy books revealed by God before the Qur'an, alongside others such as the Tawrat (Torah) of Musa (Moses) and the Injil (Gospel) of Isa (Jesus). Some scholars equate the Zabur with the biblical book of Psalms. The term zabur is the Arabic equivalent of the Hebrew zimrah (Hebrew: זִמְרָה), meaning: "song, music."

    The Qur'an refers to the Zabur of Dawud (David) as one of God's books revealed to four selected messengers. The Zabur is preceded by the Taurat (Torah), and followed by the Injil (Gospel) given to Jesus and finally by the Qur'an given to the Islamic prophet, Muhammad.

  • People of the Book - Ahl al-Kitāb

    Ahl al-Kitāb - Refers to people of the Book ie. those whose religions are based on divine revelations. In Islamic thought, the people of the Book are: Jews, Christians, Zoroastrians and Sabians (an imprecisely defined group, not covered in the mentioned groups who also have faith in One God).

Verses from the Scriptures

It is hoped that these verses from the Scripture inspire the reader to take a deeper look.

1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.

4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.
From The Book of Genesis, Chapter 1

  • Al-Fatiha, (The Opening), Chapter 1

    1 In the name of God, the Lord of Mercy, the Giver of Mercy!
    2 Praise belongs to God, Lord of the Worlds,
    3 the Lord of Mercy, the Giver of Mercy,
    4 Master of the Day of Judgement.
    5 It is You we worship; it is You we ask for help.
    6 Guide us to the straight path:
    7 the path of those You have blessed, those who incur no anger and who have not gone astray.

  • Al-Infitar, (The Breaking), Chapter 82

    1 When the sky breaks,
    2 when the stars are scattered,
    3 when the seas burst forth,
    4 when graves turn inside out:
    5 each soul will know what it has done and what it has left undone.
    6 You human being, what has lured you away from your generous Lord,
    7 who created you, shaped you, proportioned you,
    8 in whatever form He chose?
    9 Yet you still take the Judgement to be a lie?
    10 Over you stand
    11 watchers, noble recorders
    12 who know what you do:
    13 the good will live in bliss,
    14 and the wicked will burn in the Fire.
    15 They will enter it on the Day of Judgement
    16 and they will find no escape.
    17 What will explain to you what the Day of Judgement is?
    18 Yes! What will explain to you what the Day of Judgement is?
    19 The Day when no soul will be able to do anything for another, on that Day, command will belong to God.

  • Al-A'la, (The Most High), Chapter 87

    1 [Prophet], glorify the name of your Lord the Most High,
    2 who created [all things] in due proportion;
    3 who determined their destinies and guided them;
    4 who brought out the green pasture
    5 then made it dark debris.
    6 [Prophet], We shall teach you [the Qu'ran] and you will not forget -
    7 unless God wishes; He knows both what is open and what is hidden -
    8 We shall show you the easy way.
    9 So remind, if reminding is useful.
    10 Those who stand in awe of God will heed the reminder,
    11 but it will be ignored by the most wicked,
    12 who will enter the Great Fire,
    13 where they will neither die nor live.
    14 Prosperous are those who purify themselves,
    15 remember the name of their Lord, and pray.
    16 Yet you [people] prefer the life of this world,
    17 even though the Hereafter is better and more lasting.
    18 All this is in the earlier scriptures,
    19 the scriptures of Abraham and Moses.

  • Al-Balad, (The City), Chapter 90

    1 I swear by the city -
    2 and you [Prophet] are an inhabitant of this city -
    3 [I swear] by parent and offspring,
    4 that We have created man for toil and trial.
    5 Does he think that no one will have power over him?
    6 "I have squandered great wealth," he says.
    7 Does he think no one has seen him?
    8 Did We not give him two eyes,
    9 a tongue, two lips,
    10 and point out to him the two ways [of good and evil]?
    11 Yet he has not attempted the steep path.
    12 What will explain to you what the steep path is?
    13 It is to free a slave,
    14 to feed at a time of hunger
    15 an orphaned relative
    16 or a poor person in distress,
    17 and to be one of those who believe and urge one another to steadfastness and compassion.
    18 Those who do this will be on the right-hand side,
    19 but those who disbelieve in Our revelations will be one the left-hand side,
    20 and the Fire will close in on them.

  • Al-Shams, (The Sun), Chapter 91

    1 By the sun in its morning brightness
    2 and by the moon as it follows it,
    3 by the day as it displays the sun's glory
    4 and by the night as it covers it,
    5 by the sky and how He built it
    6 and by the earth and how He spread it,
    7 by the soul and how He formed it,
    8 and inspired it [to know] its own rebellion and piety!
    9 The one who purifies his soul succeeds
    10 and the one who corrupts it fails.
    11 In their arrogant cruelty, the people of Thamud called [their messenger] a liar,
    12 when the most wicked man among them rose [against him].
    13 The messenger of God said to them, "[Leave] God's camel to drink,"
    14 but they called him a liar and hamstrung her. Their Lord destroyed them for their crime and levelled them,
    15 not fearing the outcome.

  • Al-Sharh, (Relief), Chapter 94

    1 Did We not relieve your heart for you
    2 and remove the burden
    3 that weighed so heavily on your back,
    4 and raise your reputation high?
    5 So truly where there is hardship there is also ease;
    6 truly where there is hardship there is also ease.
    7 So when you are free, work on
    8 and direct your requests to your Lord.

  • Al-Tin, (The Fig), Chapter 95

    1 By the fig, by the olive,
    2 by Mount Sinai,
    3 by this safe city,
    4 We created man in the finest state
    5 then reduced him to the lowest of the low
    6 but those who believe and do good deeds
    7 will have an unfailing reward. After this, what makes you [man] deny the Judgement?
    8 Is God not the fairest of judges?

  • Al-Qadr, (The Night of Glory), Chapter 97

    1 We sent it down on the Night of Glory.
    2 What will explain to you what that Night of Glory is?
    3 The Night of Glory is better than a thousand months;
    4 on that night the angels and the Spirit descend again and again with their Lord's permission on every task.
    5 Peace it is until the rising of dawn.

  • Al-Zalzala, (The Earthquake), Chapter 99

    1 When the earth is shaken violently in its [last] quaking,
    2 when the earth throws out its burdens,
    3 when man cries out, "What is happening to it?"
    4 on that Day, it will tell all
    5 because your Lord will inspire it.
    6 On that Day, people will come forward in separate groups to be shown their deeds:
    7 whoever has done an atom's-weight of good will see it,
    8 but whoever has done an atom's-weight of evil will see that.

  • Al-Qari'a, (The Crashing Blow), Chapter 101

    1 The Crashing Blow!
    2 What is the Crashing Blow?
    3 What will explain to you what the Crashing Blow is?
    4 On a Day when people will be like scattered moths
    5 and the mountains like tufts of wool,
    6 the one whose good deeds are heavy on the scales
    7 will have a pleasing life,
    8 but the ones whose good deeds are light
    9 will have the Bottomless Pit for his home -
    10 what will explain to you what that is? -
    11 a blazing fire.

  • Al-Takathur, (Competing For More), Chapter 102

    1 Competing for more distracts you
    2 until you go into your graves.
    3 No indeed! You will come to know.
    4 No indeed! In the end you will come to know.
    5 No indeed! If only you knew for certain!
    6 You will most definitely see Hellfire.
    7 Then you will see it with the eye of certainty.
    8 On that Day, you will be asked about your pleasures.

  • Al-'Asr, The Fading Day, Chapter 103

    1 By the fading day,
    2 man is [deep] in loss,
    3 except for those who believe, do good deeds, urge one another to the truth, and urge one another to steadfastness.

  • Al-Humaza, The Backbiter, Chapter 104

    1 Woe to every fault-finding backbiter
    2 who amasses riches, counting them over,
    3 thinking they will make him live for ever.
    4 No indeed! He will be thrust into the Crusher!
    5 What will explain to you what the Crusher is?
    6 It is God's Fire, made to blaze,
    7 which rises over people's hearts.
    8 It closes in on them
    9 in towering columns.

  • Al-Fil, (The Elephant), Chapter 105

    1 Do you [Prophet] not see how your Lord dealt with the army of the elephant?
    2 Did He not utterly confound their plans?
    3 He sent flocks of birds against them,
    4 pelting them with pellets of hard-baked clay:
    5 He made them [like] cropped stubble.

  • From Quraysh, (Quraysh), Chapter 106

    1 [He did this] to make the Quraysh feel secure,
    2 secure in their winter and summer journeys,
    3 So let them worship the Lord of this House:
    4 who provides them with food to ward off hunger, safety to ward off fear.

  • From Al-Ma'un, (Common Kindness), Chapter 107

    1 [Prophet], have you considered the person who denies the Judgement?
    2 It is he who pushes aside the orphan
    3 and does not urge others to feed the needy.
    4 So woe to those who pray
    5 but are heedless of their prayer,
    6 those who are all show
    7 and forbid common kindness.

  • Al-Kawthar, (Abundance), Chapter 108

    1 We have truly given abundance to you [Prophet] -
    2 so pray to your Lord and make your sacrifice to Him alone -
    3 it is the one who hates you who has been cut off.

  • Al-Kafirun, (The Disbelievers), Chapter 109

    1 Say [Prophet], "Disbelievers:
    2 I do not worship what you worship,
    3 you do not worship what I worship,
    4 I will never worship what you worship,
    5 you will never worship what I worship:
    6 you have your religion and I have mine."

  • Al-Nasr, (Help), Chapter 110

    1 When God's help comes and He opens up your way [Prophet],
    2 when you see people embracing God's faith in crowds,
    3 celebrate the praise of your Lord and ask His forgiveness: He is always ready to accept repentance.

  • Al-Ikhlas, (Purity of Faith), Chapter 112

    1 Say, "He is God the One,
    2 God the external.
    3 He begot no one nor was He begotten.
    4 No one is comparable to Him."

  • Al-Falaq, (Daybreak), Chapter 113

    1 Say [Prophet], "I seek refuge with the Lord of daybreak
    2 against the harm of what He has created,
    3 the harm of the night when darkness gathers,
    4 the harm of witches when they blow on knots,
    5 the harm of the envier when he envies."

  • Al-Nas, (People), Chapter 114

    1 Say, "I seek refuge with the Lord of people,
    2 the Controller of people,
    3 the God of people,
    4 against the harm of the slinking whisperer -
    5 who whispers into the hearts of people -
    6 whether they be jinn or people.

Surah Al-Baqara, (The Cow), Chapter 2

Surah Al-Baqara, (The Cow), Chapter 2 is a major and the longest chapter of the Quran. The table below contains the entire chapter by encapsulating it paragraph wise. Each number displayed within a table column is the starting verse of a paragraph.

From "The Cow", Chapter 2 (Quran).
In the name of God, the Lord of Mercy, the Giver of Mercy
1 Alif Lam Mim